What Is Heart Disease?? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention

Shortness of breath is an important sign, as is nausea / vomiting, dizziness or light-headedness and cold sweat. Controlling your alcohol intake and avoiding smoking are two easy ways to reduce the risk of heart disease. To optimize the “good” HDL cholesterol level, women should not drink more than one alcoholic drink per day, while men should not drink more than two alcoholic drinks per day.

However, many other risk factors for heart disease can be changed. Food to lower cholesterol, such as beans, soybeans, chickpeas, garlic, avocados and olive heart doctor near me oil, is beneficial. Walnuts, walnuts and almonds are good options, but limit your serving to a small handful because walnuts are high in calories.

It cannot prevent some types of cardiovascular disease, such as congenital heart disease. But lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of many types of cardiovascular disease. Prevention of cardiovascular disease is a lifelong commitment to control blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking cessation and diabetes. Now there are new opportunities to further reduce the risk with these new guidelines. These are also the steps to follow to reduce the risk of stroke and peripheral heart disease. You and your healthcare provider can assess the risk using the American Heart Association’s ASCVD risk calculator and the American College of Cardiology.

Heart disease symptoms are often present during physical exertion, because the heart is stressed and does not receive enough oxygen and nutrients. A stress test observes the behavior of the heart as the patient walks or runs on a treadmill. The patient is connected to an electrocardiogram machine to detect heart activity before, during and after the stress test. The test is 60% to 70% accurate when detecting blocked coronary arteries. Sometimes a patient may be too weak or discouraged to perform a stress test. In that case, the doctor may administer medications that simulate heart activity during exercise.

Not all people with coronary artery disease have chest pain as a symptom. Some may have signs and symptoms of indigestion or intolerance when they cannot perform activities that they normally could do. Cardiac disorders are easier to treat when they are noticed early, so talk to your doctor about your concerns about your heart health. If you are concerned about developing heart disease, talk to your doctor about the steps you can take to reduce the risk of heart disease. This is especially important if you have a family history of heart disease.